Chia recieved a discharge not amounting to an acquittal, and is currently held under the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act. It is likely that he may be released in one to two years’ time. Yong, on the other hand, faces the gallows.
Mr Ravi argued that this differentiated treatment was in breach of Article 12 of the Constitution, which guarantees equality under the law, pointing out that a less culpable offender has been sentenced to death while the mastermind has not been prosecuted at all.
Mr Ravi also submitted that the AGC had exercised their discretion based on irrelevant considerations while ignoring relevant considerations in their decision to proceed with a capital charge against Yong. He stated that the prosecution had not given enough weight to the fact that Yong was young and in a vulnerable position when the crime was committed, while giving undue weight to the fact that Yong did not want to identify Chia in court, although his refusal was due to fear for the safety of his family.
He thus asked that Yong’s conviction be quashed and his case be sent back to the AGC for review in light of the new circumstances.
Mr Ravi also pointed out that in the exercise of the law, one should also keep in mind the intention of Singapore’s policy. He reminded the court that when the Misuse of Drugs Act was first amended to include the mandatory death penalty in 1975, its aim was to target the masterminds of drug syndicates, and not mere couriers. The then Law Minister, Mr Chua Sian Chin, highlighted this in his speech to Parliament:
It (the Mandatory Death Sentence) is not intended to sentence petty morphine and heroin peddlers to death.
However, Chief Justice Chan Sek Keong and Justices of Appeal Andrew Phang and V K Rajah asked if Chia could be charged under Singapore law for his alleged abetting and instigation, pointing to the fact that the act was committed in Johor Bahru, Malaysia.
After hearing from both sides, the court reserved judgement, asking that both the applicant and prosecution file additional written submissions on whether Chia’s alleged offences can or should be tried under Singapore law. The submissions will be filed on Monday.
After the court delivers its verdict on this new appeal, Yong will have another three months to file a new petition for clemency to the President.
Read Yong Vui Kong’s submissions on We Believe In Second Chances.